The Gothic defensive walls of the Main Town
The Gothic defensive walls of the Main Town together with the accompanying fortified towers and gates form the fortification system of Gdańsk that was built over the centuries.
The Gothic defensive walls of the Main Town together with the accompanying fortified towers and gates form the fortification system of Gdańsk that was built over the centuries. We should begin the story about the walls with a short reminder: the Main Town is a part of the Śródmieście district (meaning ‘city centre’) whose borders are defined by the present-day Podwale Staromiejskie and Podwale Przedmiejskie Streets from one side, and Wały Jagiellońskie Street and the Granary Island from the other side. From the first half of the 14th century, walls and fortifications were built on their lines (excluding the east side closed by the Motława River – here the access to the town was guarded by water gates). The walls were accompanied by towers, i. e. fortified towers, which allowed observation of the terrain and firing at enemies from a height. Fortified towers were often open from the town side to allow a quick access to them and an immediate reaction of the town defenders.
You can walk the fortification trail in two parts. First, the slightly longer stroll through the route designated with the remains of the fortified towers and defensive walls. The second, shorter stroll leads along the Long Embankment during which you can get familiar with the water gates of Gdańsk.
It is worth to start both walks from the oldest parts of the fortifications - in the case of defensive walls it is their south-western corner, so the area of today's Za Murami Street; when it comes to the water gates, the walk should begin from the Cow's Gate, which closes Ogarna Street from the side of the Motława River.
START OF TRAIL – Gdańsk Główny railway station
TRANSITION TO POINT 1 AND 2
After leaving the railway station building turn right to Wały Jagiellońskie Street. Turn left at the intersection of Wały Jagiellońskie and Hucisko Streets. Turn left at the Wooden Marget (the square with the Jan III Sobieski statue) , cross the Coal Market and exit at the Bogusławski Street, which branches off into Ogarna St. and Za Murami St. – looking to the left when standing at the intersection of the two streets theare are the brick defensive walls with the built-in fortified towers. The cobbled narrow Za Murami St. runs along the old fortifications.