Gdansk Gothic Route
The Gothic style in art and architecture evolved thanks to new structural solutions, which allowed to go beyond the previously applied principles of erecting buildings and to achieve a new type of solid. After the era of heavy Romanesque buildings, it was time for the slenderness of Gothic buildings. Thanks to this, it was possible to build not only much higher buildings, but also much better illuminated by larger windows. We invite you to follow the Gdansk Gothic Route!
The St. George Brotherhood, composed of knights and patricians, was the oldest and the richest chanting brotherhood in Gdańsk. It should be remembered that the chanting brotherhoods were organizations that taught their members how to use weapons in the event of an armed conflict and the need to defend the city walls. Initially, the brotherhood met in the Artus Court, but due to the growing conflicts with other users of the facility, members of the brotherhood decided to build a new, independent headquarters.
The late-Gothic building was erected at the end of the 15th century near the existing shooting range of the brotherhood. The two-storey building, which refers to the Flemish construction, was designed by Hans Glottau. The body, built on a square plan, is closed by a tent roof and slender octagonal turrets. At the top of the roof you will see a tower added a little later with a characteristic figure of St. George killing a dragon. The facade of the Court is completed with blanking, i.e. a cogged crown covering the pavement or bridge necessary for the defense of the object.
On the first floor of the building there was a shooting range and rooms for storing archery equipment, while on the first floor there was a room for ceremonies, feasts and theatre performances - after selling the building to the Prussian state in the 18th century, the Royal School of Fine Arts resided on the higher floor. World War II did not treat the building graciously - the roof of the Court was destroyed and its interior burned out. Only the statue of St. George survived miraculously. The court was rebuilt in the 1950s and since then the Pomeranian branch of the Association of Polish Architects has been located here.